Carroll Rosenwald School

National Register Listing
Street Address:
4789 Mobley Store Road, Rock Hill, SC Vicinity (York County)
Alternate Name:
New Zion School

NRHP Nomination

Record Number:
Description and Narrative:
The Carroll School is a three classroom frame school building located at 4789 Mobley Store Road at the corner with Williamson Road, approximately seven miles southwest of Rock Hill in York County. The school served the African American community in the Ogden area of York County from its opening in 1929 until 1954, when it was closed. It was listed in the National Register under Criterion A (Ethnic Heritage: Black; Education) and Criterion C (Architecture). In addition to providing for educational opportunities, the Rosenwald schools were intended to create gathering spaces for African American communities in the rural south. The Carroll School was located across the road from New Zion Baptist Church and was associated with the church in many activities. Records at the Rock Hill School District office show that in the early 1950s, plans to consolidate schools were underway to provide better and larger facilities for the African American students. The Carroll School closed in 1954 and students were transferred to a newly consolidated African American school, the Fairview School. In 2001, an effort was begun by Rock Hill School District #3 to restore the building and use it as a site for an in-district field trip for all fifth grade students in the District. Listed in the National Register June 24, 2018.
Period of Significance:
1929 – 1954
Level of Significance:
Area of Significance:
Education;Ethnic Heritage: Black;Architecture
National Register Determination:
Date of Certification:
June 25 2018

Related places
York County
Rock Hill