Plane Hill

National Register Listing
Street Address:
691 Cantey Lane, Rembert vicinity, SC (Kershaw County)
Alternate Name:
Boykin's Terraces;Charlotte Thompson School;The Terraces

NRHP Nomination

Record Number:
Description and Narrative:
Plane Hill is an antebellum plantation in the Swift Creek community of southern Kershaw County that is locally significant in several areas. Originally built in 1817 and renovated several years later, the property is significant in Architecture as a fine example of mid-nineteenth century Greek Revival design, and also for its ca.1847 terraced gardens, described at different points as the finest in the region. Plane Hill is also significant in Politics/Government for its association with Stephen Decatur Miller, who served in the South Carolina Senate, the US House of Representatives, and the US Senate, as well as one term as South Carolina Governor. Miller was one of the principal architects and proponents of the States Rights and Nullification Controversy in South Carolina, a pivotal event in antebellum South Carolina and United States politics. He was at the pinnacle of his political influence while living at and working from Plane Hill (1828-1834). Plane Hill is also significant in Education as the site of the Charlotte Thompson School (1924-1947), a public school for local white children. Both the house and the gardens retain an impressive degree of integrity, despite the multiple owners and varied uses of the property from 1817 to the present. Several other outbuildings, structures, and sites are present on the property, several of which are considered contributing. One of these is the ruins of the power plant installed to the west of the house in 1923 as part of the building’s conversion to a school. Several of these contributing resources are present in the adjacent terraced gardens, including the ruins of a brick and stone springhouse, ruins of another brick spring outlet cut into the side of a terrace, and the ruins of a brick and concrete bathing pool. Listed in the National Register September 26, 2022.
Period of Significance:
1817 – 1866;1923 – 1947
Level of Significance:
Area of Significance:
Architecture;Landscape Architecture;Politics/Government;Education
National Register Determination:
Date of Certification:
September 26 2022

Related places
Kershaw County