Olympia Mill Village Historic District

National Register Listing
Street Address:
Portions of Lincoln, Gadsden, Wayne, Heyward, Silver, S Parker, Alabama, Carolina, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland & Ohio Sts., Columbia, SC vicinity (Richland County)

NRHP Nomination


Record Number:
Description and Narrative:
Olympia Mill Village Historic District is located southwest of downtown Columbia and was designed and constructed almost entirely between 1899 and 1903 by industrialist-architect William Burroughs Smith Whaley. The district served as a supporting village to the Olympia Mill. Its northernmost portion is included within the city limits and continues the general pattern of the city’s grid, while the southern portion sits in Richland County and forms a separate grid at a 45-degree angle from that of the city. The northern grid includes the mill, the village’s public amenities (religious, educational, and commercial buildings), and housing originally built for mill management. The larger southern grid is almost entirely single- and multi-family housing for mill workers. Granville–the southeast corner of this grid consisting of minimal traditional, single-family residences–was developed after the mill’s divestment of the residential portion of the village in 1940. The district is significant for its associations with the local textile industry, the development of company-controlled mill villages to support that industry, the mill village society that emerged as a result, and the consequences of the mill’s divestment of its residential property. Additionally, the district’s mill-built commercial, civic, and residential buildings exemplify the combination of regional vernacular traditions and national trends common to late nineteenth-century industrial villages in the South. Listed in the National Register November 20, 2018.
Period of Significance:
1899 – 1954
Level of Significance:
Area of Significance:
Industry;Community Planning and Development;Social History;Architecture
National Register Determination:
Date of Certification:
November 20 2018

Related places
Richland County